Although there is evidence of the area being settled on and off since pre-Columbian times, Monteverde as it is today was founded by a group of American Quakers and conscientious objectors in the 1950s whose pacifist views led them to move south to avoid the draft for the Korean war. They were attracted by the lush environment, rich soil, cooler climate and, of course, the absence of a significant Costa Rican military.
The area has grown and diversified in population since foundation, but it maintains its agricultural roots and appreciation for nature and space. As access and infrastructure continue to improve the region sees more visitors keen to explore and the tourism sector and available activities continues to expand.
Recognizing the beauty and unique ecology of the land, in 1972 the Monteverde Cloud Forest Preserve (Reserva Biologica Bosque Nuboso Monteverde) was created. The reserve was a product of both the increasing attention being paid to the natural wonders of the area by biologists and researchers and concerned residents wishing to preserve tracts of ecologically sensitive cloud forest. The preserve consists of over 10 500 hectares (26 000 acres) of land is is home to a vast array of plant and animal species. The preserve receives over 70 000 visitors per year and activities range from guided hikes to pre-planned, eco-friendly camping.
The range of activities available in the region is diverse and offers something for everyone. Whether it’s culture, ecology or adventure you’re looking for; Monteverde has something to offer. Just a short list:
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